One of the major concerns of political analysis is to classify the different forms of government, which will be explored in Week 5 as the theme is “Governments, Systems and Regimes”. Government, generally refers to the formal and institutional processes that operate at the national level to maintain public order and facilitate collective action. For political systems and regimes, they are not only about the mechanisms of the government, but also the structures and processes through which these interact with the larger society.
In politics, the regime is ‘the set of rules’ which regulate the operation of a government and its interactions with the society, and it goes without saying that different kinds of regime would lead to different directions when it comes to government’s decision making. Regime is also being regarded as the most important concepts in Politics.
Through today’s case, regarding the process of how Myanmar shifted from Military Regime to Democracy, students began the discussion by listing the characteristics of democracy and authoritarianism. Having understood the differences between regimes and acquired the ability to distinguish the different ones, students compared and analyzed the effectiveness of government and systems. Students were then guided by Dr. Maekawa to connect the various regime types, policies and business environment. Overall, the class ended by a general discussion on the causes and consequences of various regimes. As an important takeaway from the class, students learnt how to classify a country’s regime and found the association in the country's policies and business environment.